LGBT Family Building | Atlanta
Deciding to take the first steps on the path to parenthood is a very exciting time. Atlanta Center for Reproductive Medicine is proud to have a successful history assisting non-traditional couples achieve their dream of parenthood. We are sensitive to the unique needs of our LGBT patients and develop treatment strategies that are specific to each person or couple and their desires for family building. We work closely with both sperm banks and gestational carrier agencies locally and nationally.
Family Building Options for Lesbian Couples
Lesbians investing in medical assistance to become pregnant should first complete a fertility work-up to help establish the most appropriate treatment plan. With a lesbian couple, the testing done on each partner depends upon who will be carrying the pregnancy. The person who plans to become pregnant will typically have bloodwork done to assess ovarian reserve and a hysterosalpingogram to assess the uterus and the fallopian tubes. The next step towards treatment is selection of a sperm donor. Sperm donors may be anonymous and chosen from an accredited sperm bank or the donor may be known to the couple. Treatment will then either involve intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF).
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), is when sperm from your selected donor is placed directly into a woman's uterus when she is most fertile, prior to ovulation. This may be done in a natural cycle or may be augmented with oral fertility medications.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is the fertilization of an egg by sperm outside the body. Once fertilization has occurred and normal embryo development is confirmed, a selected number of embryos are transferred to the uterus. The remaining development of the embryo(s) occurs naturally within the person carrying the pregnancy. If a medical issue is identified during testing that warrants IVF treatment, a lesbian couple may choose to have one partner provide the egg and the other partner carry the pregnancy. This is a more complex treatment protocol but provides a way for both partners to feel actively involved in the treatment process. The partner who will donate her eggs will undergo a surgical egg retrieval procedure. The eggs will be inseminated with the donor sperm and once mature, the other partner will have an embryo transferred into her uterus.
Family Building Options for Gay Couples
Gay couples investing in medical assistance to become parents should first complete a semen analysis to assess fertilization potential of the sperm. The partner who plans to be the genetic father will be the one to be tested. Some couples may both desire genetic relationship to off spring and it is an option to use sperm from both partners for fertilization of donor eggs. The next step towards treatment is selection of an egg donor. Egg donors may be anonymous and chosen from our egg bank or in a fresh donor egg match or the egg donor may be known to the couple. Couples will also have to identify a gestational carrier. Atlanta Center for Reproductive Medicine will assist you with locating reputable agencies to find a carrier. We will also complete a full clinical evaluation of any potential carrier on your behalf. Treatment will always involve in vitro fertilization (IVF).
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is the fertilization of an egg by sperm outside the body. Once fertilization has occurred and normal embryo development is confirmed, a selected number of embryos are transferred to the uterus. The remaining development of the embryo(s) occurs naturally within the person carrying the pregnancy. Any eligible embryos that remain can be frozen for future treatment.
At any point along your journey to parenthood, you may decide that adoption is the best choice for you or for you and your partner. ACRM works closely with many adoption consultants, agencies, and attorneys, and can be a resource in guiding you to the right people to help you build your family.
When a gestational carrier or a sperm or egg donor that is known to the couple is used, there are important legal issues that should be considered and addressed, including establishing legal parentage. ACRM can refer to you several law firms that specialize in Third Party Reproductive Law and that have attorneys with years of experience in this very special area of legal practice.